In vitro-baby, or IVF, is the most common form of assisted reproductive technology (ART). It’s used to treat a wide range of conditions that prevent pregnancy. It’s usually tried when other fertility treatments haven’t worked.시험관아기
The first step in IVF is to make several of your eggs mature and ready for fertilization. This is done with medication that stimulates your ovaries to produce more eggs. The eggs are then retrieved from your ovaries (egg retrieval) and mixed with your partner’s sperm in the laboratory. Then, one or more embryos are transferred to your uterus under ultrasound guidance.
Your doctor will also perform a uterine exam to check for any health issues that may affect pregnancy. This might involve a sonohysterography or hysteroscopy, both of which are nonsurgical procedures that use a thin, flexible telescope to examine the inside lining of your uterus.
You may also need to take a birth control pill for a week or more before you start IVF treatment. This is to help prevent your body from releasing hormones that could interfere with ovulation, which is the natural process that causes women to get pregnant.
Once the egg and sperm are in the laboratory, they are placed into a liquid culture medium that helps them grow. The eggs are also regularly checked to make sure they are dividing and developing properly.
In most cases, the eggs and sperm are retrieved on the same day or within 24 hours. During this time, you’ll be given medicine to help you relax.
The eggs are then placed into a glass dish that’s constantly monitored to check their development. The eggs and sperm are then incubated overnight.
Some of the eggs are then transferred to your uterus during an embryo transfer procedure either on Day Three or Day Five after egg retrieval. The sperm are provided by your partner or from a donor, depending on your situation.
After the transfer, your doctor will check to see if all of the embryos have implanted in the uterus. If any of the embryos don’t, they can be removed and returned to the laboratory for further testing.
During this process, the embryos undergo pre-implantation genetic diagnosis, which tests them for hereditary diseases. In this case, only the embryos without the disease are transferred to your uterus.
If your pregnancy is unsuccessful, you’ll need to return for another cycle of IVF treatment. This can be a complicated process, especially for women with complicated ovulation cycles and endometriosis.
The process can be difficult emotionally, particularly for you and your partner. It’s a good idea to find support and counseling through an online or in-person community before and during IVF treatment.
You may also want to talk with friends and family who have undergone IVF and pregnancy. This can help you feel less alone and more prepared for what’s coming up.
IVF is the most common form of ART and is successful in 2.1% of pregnancies, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). It can also be very effective at treating certain medical conditions, including ovulation disorders and unexplained infertility.서울아이앤여성의원